dr Rohit Kumar C, Specialist in Surgical Oncology, Manipal Hospitals, India, asked women 21-30 years and older who are sexually active to see a doctor for evaluation and treatment of cervical cancer.
He said sexually active women, whether with single or multiple sex partners, are at risk of developing cervical cancer, hence the need to get tested for the condition.
The Pap smear, he said, is the procedure used to detect cervical cancer in its early stages.
“Women between the ages of 21 and 30 should have a Pap smear every three years. Those between the ages of 30 and 65 should have Pap every three years and HPV every five years,” he said.
Cervical cancer is a malignant tumor of the cervix, the base of the uterus, or a type of cancer that occurs in the cells of the cervix.
The main cause of cervical cancer is long-term infection with certain types of human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV is a common virus that is transmitted from one person to another through sex.
dr Rohit, who offered the advice while addressing participants from Ghana and other parts of Africa in a webinar as part of Manipal Hospitals’ activities to commemorate Mother’s Day 2022, said it was safe for all women to join the fight, To achieve this The World Health Organization (WHO) has achieved its 2030 goal of eradicating cervical cancer.
He explained that 90 percent of cancer was caused by HPV, of which 70 percent was caused by HPV 16 and 18.
HPV, he said, also causes penile cancer, vaginal cancer, vulvar cancer, anal cancer, genital warts, head and neck cancer.
dr Rohit pointed out that the WHO 2030 goals for cervical cancer elimination are to have 90 percent of girls fully vaccinated with HPV vaccine by age 15, 70 percent of women with a high-performance test and 90 percent with HPV to identify cervical cancer treated.
Approved HPV vaccines are Cervarix (bivalent HPV vaccine), Gardasil (quadrivalent HPV vaccine) and Gardasil 9 (9-valent HPV vaccine), he said.
dr Rohit explained that treatment for cervical cancer included surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy.
He urged women to take bold steps in their health lives to ensure they are tested and protected from cervical cancer.
“Don’t let cervical cancer stop you. Get checked and vaccinated. It’s time to put an end to cervical cancer and remember that five minutes of your time for tests and procedures can give you five years of peace of mind,” he added.
dr Yogita Parashar, Obstetrics and Gynecology Specialist, Manipal Hospitals, who spoke about postpartum depression (depression after childbirth), said the situation could be caused by lifestyle changes where mothers treated babies alone after birth and struggled, due from insomnia to sleeping baby care responsibilities and concerns about breast tenderness and abdominal pain.
She said that such unavoidable states made their feelings fluctuate and subsequently brought them depression.
The solutions for women suffering from postpartum depression are counseling and medication to suppress anxiety, she said.
dr Yogita said women and mothers are the backbone of every family and encouraged them not to neglect their diet, exercise, make time for themselves and take a break from work and other demanding duties.
“Women don’t take good care of their diet, but they manage their homes and offices, take care of children and not themselves. They can’t rest and relax and it’s very dangerous for their health,” she noted.
Manipal Hospitals is India’s second largest multidisciplinary healthcare provider, treating more than four million patients annually.
Specialties include bariatric surgery, accident and emergency care, cancer care, cardiac science, nephrology, neuroscience, spine care and urology.