Take A leak, as Americans call simple urination, should be a normal bodily function, with a stream of urine pouring out of the bladder when certain abdominal and pelvic muscles contract to put the right amount of pressure on it.
When a person urinates, there is that wonderful, almost pleasurable feeling of relief that accompanies emptying the bladder, especially if the person has not done so for a while, causing the bladder to stretch to near its limit. In such a situation, the person feels a slight tingling and a pleasant sensation when the urine flows out to the last drop.
However, some people experience pain in both male and female genitals at certain times when urinating. A number of factors have been found to be responsible for this. Please read on…
urinary tract infection (UTI)
This usually means that some type of virus or bacteria has infected the bladder or urethra, the tube through which urine leaves your body. You may feel like you have to walk all the time, and it may burn or smell funny when you urinate. Your urine may also appear cloudy, red, light pink, or brown. Your doctor can test for bacteria and may prescribe antibiotics to get rid of the infection.
Bladder infections sometimes travel through the urinary tract to your kidneys, which is more serious. Or you can get a kidney infection after surgery. You may have fever, chills, nausea, vomiting, and urine that is dark, cloudy, bloody, or smells bad. Your doctor will likely prescribe antibiotics to treat the problem. But you can also try to prevent it: drink plenty of water, try to pee after sex, and leave when you feel the urge.
Painful Bladder Syndrome
This condition is also known as interstitial cystitis; it means the walls of the bladder are becoming irritated. Your bladder becomes swollen and tender, and your abdomen and pelvis may be painful. You may feel the need to walk a lot but only pee a little at a time. Pain or burning in the lower abdomen or genitals may improve after urinating but may worsen if you have to walk or have sex. There is no cure, but diet, exercise, medication, surgery, and physical therapy can treat it.
Kidney stones form when too many minerals, usually calcium, build up in the body. The stones start in the kidney but can continue to grow in the bladder or ureter, the tube that connects the two. It can really hurt to pee when they get big enough to block the flow of urine. Waves of pain can hit your back between your hips and ribs. Smaller stones can pass on their own, but you may need surgery to get rid of larger ones.
This happens when your body has too much of a type of fungus called candida. If you are a woman, you may experience itching and burning around your vagina; having pain when peeing or having sex; and notice a thick white discharge. In men, fungal infections can inflame the glans and cause pain, irritation, and a white discharge. It is simple but important to treat the problem. Over-the-counter medications usually work, but check with your doctor first.
It’s a bacterial sexually transmitted disease (STD) that you get when you have sex with an infected person. Although most people have no symptoms, peeing can cause burning and discharge from the vagina or penis. Women can find sex painful, and men sometimes experience pain in their testicles. If you have any signs of chlamydia, see your doctor. They may give you antibiotics to prevent the infection from causing other serious health problems.
The prostate, a small gland near the male bladder, becomes swollen and tender. It can be painful and difficult to pee. You may also have bloody or cloudy urine and pain in your groin and lower abdomen when you poop or ejaculate. Bacteria are often the cause, and antibiotics can treat the infection. But trauma from surgery or injury, especially to nerves in the area, can also cause prostatitis.
This can happen to women going through menopause. The tissues of the vagina slowly begin to shrink and thin out because the body has less estrogen. It can cause painful peeing, painful sex, itching, burning, dryness, discharge, and bleeding. Hormone replacement therapy can help restore your vagina’s strength, elasticity, and moisture. There are also lotions, oils, and lubes that often make sex more enjoyable.
Childbirth is the most common cause, but sex or an injury from spreading something like a bicycle seat can also cause it. Deep tears require stitches, but shallow ones can heal on their own in a few weeks. You may see blood in the area, and it may sting or burn when you pee. If it’s not very painful, bleeds constantly, or you have signs of infection (unusual discharge, fever, dizziness, or weakness), pain relievers and a sitz bath may be all you need.
Infection, swelling, or injury damages the urethra, a tube that carries urine out of the body. This creates scar tissue that blocks or slows the flow of urine, which can be painful. You may also have dark-colored urine, lower abdominal pain, bladder control problems, and urinary tract infections (UTIs). Your doctor may try to dilate your urethra to open the stricture or remove it through surgery.
take a shower
Some women do it to clean their vagina. To “shower” you squirt water, often mixed with vinegar, iodine, or baking soda, into the vaginal area. Doctors say it’s a bad idea. It upsets the natural balance of bacteria, which can lead to more infections that make peeing painful. It can also make pregnancy difficult or cause problems during pregnancy. It will not “reverse” or prevent pregnancy after intercourse.
Chemotherapy or radiation to your lower abdomen can inflame the bladder and cause pain when peeing. You may notice it several weeks after starting therapy and it may continue for several weeks after stopping your treatment. Surgery to remove tumors in the area can also cause irritation and increase the chance of infection. Drinking plenty of fluids, wearing loose clothing, and talking to your doctor about your symptoms can help.
personal care products
Wipes, creams, and sprays available at your local drug store offer a way to refresh your private parts, especially for women after sex. They’re mostly unnecessary, and some contain harsh chemicals that can cause skin breakouts, infections, and other problems. Warm water is all you need to clean the area. If you are a woman, avoid scented tampons, pads, powders and similar products, especially if you are prone to infections.
Although rare, a tumor, whether cancerous or not, can sometimes cause painful urination if it’s near your bladder or urethra. Maybe you have to go there more often. Talk to your doctor if you see blood in your urine, experience painful urination, or feel a lump in your lower abdomen.
• Adapted from webmd.com