How to prepare for a mammogram, Pap smear, HPV screening, and pelvic ultrasound


How often should you be examined: Yearly. dr Tan said a pelvic ultrasound should be part of a woman’s routine screening plan, especially for women aged 30 and older and those at risk of ovarian cancer. This includes women with BRCA1 or BRCA2 gene mutations, Lynch syndrome, or a strong family history of breast or ovarian cancer in more than one relative.

dr Tan Toh Lick, an obstetrician-gynecologist at Thomson Surgical Centre, added that a pelvic ultrasound can also help “check for uterine growth, including fibroids, polyps and cancer, as well as ovarian cysts and cancer.”

Best time to check: Between days 7 and 10 of your menstrual cycle, “when the endometrium (lining of the womb) is thin and clear and the ovaries are less likely to have large follicles that can be viewed as an ovarian cyst,” said Dr. Tan.

comfort level: In general, a TA exam is completely comfortable, although you may feel a little uncomfortable if the ultrasound probe is pressed firmly against your full bladder (essential for the doctor to get good images of the area).

Staying relaxed is important for a comfortable TV scan, said Dr. Tan. There is often discomfort when moving the transducer, but the pain should still be bearable.

Appointment preparation: A full bladder is required for a TA scan, so be sure to drink at least three cups of water 30 minutes to an hour before the scan. If you get a TV scan afterwards, you should relieve yourself as this screening requires an empty bladder.


And while these are the most important controls, Prof Yong added that another test you might want to include, particularly for women over 65, is an “assessment of risk for menopausal osteoporosis.” This is because losing the boss not only occurs naturally with age, women also tend to have smaller, thinner, and less dense bones than men.


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