Here are the 9 most common types of cancer

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Around 80% survive their cancer for a year or more and almost 60% survive their cancer for five years or more.

Colon cancer in the early stages can often be detected and treated with a colonoscopy. A colonoscopy uses a tiny camera attached to a small, flexible tube to look for signs of colon cancer.

During a colonoscopy, even small malignant tumors in the early stages can be removed. Surgery is usually required for larger tumors. It is sometimes used in conjunction with radiation, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, and/or immunotherapy. These therapies reduce tumor size and stop it from spreading.

3. Breast cancer can be a big killer in women and some men

Breast cancer can kill both men and women.

  • In 2022, 287,850 cases of breast cancer are expected in the United States.
  • These cancers were expected to result in approximately 43,250 deaths.

Cancer cells in the lining of the lobules, or milk ducts, of the breast cause breast cancer. While the vast majority of cases occur in women, men account for about 1% of all breast cancer cases. The process by which cells become cancerous and invade other body tissues takes time.

Surgical treatments for breast cancer may include removal of the breast tissue and associated lymph glands (mastectomy) or lumpectomy.

Besides surgery, there are other methods to treat this type of cancer. These include but are not limited to:-

  • Radiation therapy to kill cancer cells.
  • Chemotherapy is a method of treating cancer with drugs.
  • Using hormone treatment to reduce or stop the growth of cancers that respond to certain hormones, such as estrogen
  • Biologic therapies to treat cancer rely on your body’s immune system.
  • Targeted drugs that either destroy certain cancer cells or stop them from multiplying

4. Pancreatic cancer is another big killer

Here are the 9 most common types of cancer

Few people survive pancreatic cancer.

  • In 2022, 62,210 cases of pancreatic cancer are expected in the United States.
  • These cancers were expected to result in approximately 49,830 deaths.

Pancreatic cancer, once started, tends to be one of the most aggressive of all cancers. It often kills quickly and produces uncomfortable symptoms like these:

  • severe abdominal pain
  • Blocked bile ducts (the tubes that carry digestive juices from the liver).
  • bleeding.
  • ascitesthis is a buildup of fluid in your abdomen.

Despite its aggressive nature, there are still not many reliable screening options for pancreatic cancer. However, regular ultrasound and MRI/CT imaging tests should be performed in people at increased risk.

Aggressive chemotherapy and surgery are often required in people with this type of cancer. If tumors cannot be removed, radiation can be used to reduce their size.

Only 10% to 20% of cancer patients are candidates for surgery. In the US, five-year survival rates for localized pancreatic cancer are about 42%, but this drops to 11% for all stages of pancreatic cancer.

5. Prostate cancer kills many men every year

Here are the 9 most common types of cancer

Prostate cancer is a big killer of older men.

  • In 2022, 268,490 cases of prostate cancer are expected in the United States.
  • These cancers were expected to cause about 34,500 deaths.

The prostate is located between the rectum and bladder in the middle of the lower pelvis. Its main purpose is to produce the fluid that nourishes sperm in men.

Since the prostate is a gland per se rather than an organ, it is an example of something called that adenocarcinoma. It typically affects older men, is more common in black men, and is more likely to run in families.

Prostate tumors typically grow slowly. This form of cancer may not show signs immediately in its victims, and particularly in older men, it can develop so slowly that only minimal treatment is recommended. Doctors may therefore opt for a wait-and-see approach to treatment. Interestingly, many people with prostate cancer die from other causes, such as a heart attack or stroke.

Even if they have no symptoms, older men should often be screened for prostate cancer using a digital rectal exam and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test, although many professionals now dispute the usefulness of prostate screening.

Treatment for prostate cancer usually involves one or more of the following:

  • A prostatectomy, or surgery, in which part or all of the gland is surgically removed.
  • The use of external radiation
  • Brachytherapy involves the use of radioactive iodine that is introduced into the prostate to treat cancer.

6. Esophageal cancer is another very serious form of cancer

Here are the 9 most common types of cancer

Cancer of the esophagus also kills many people.

  • In 2022, 20,640 cases of esophageal cancer are expected in the United States.
  • These cancers were expected to result in approximately 16,410 deaths.

The esophagus is the muscular tube that carries food from the throat to the stomach. Older age, being male, smoking, drinking alcohol, and severe heartburn (where stomach acid rises up into the lower esophagus) are risk factors for esophageal cancer.

Depending on how far the cancer has progressed, there are a variety of possible treatments, including surgery, chemotherapy, radiation, immunotherapy, and targeted therapies.

7. Liver cancer is surprisingly common

Here are the 9 most common types of cancer

Unfortunately, liver cancer is on the rise.

  • In 2022, 41,260 cases of liver cancer are expected in the United States.
  • These cancers were expected to cause about 30,520 deaths.

One of the most common types of cancer worldwide is liver cancer. Although liver cancer is not widespread in the US, it has been on the rise since the 1980s, with its incidence more than doubling.

Chronic hepatitis B or hepatitis C infection is the main cause of liver cancer. Blood and semen are just two bodily fluids that can both transmit diseases. Although there is no vaccine for hepatitis C, the CDC recommends that all children get the hepatitis B vaccine.

Intrahepatic bile duct cancer, which develops in the ducts that carry bile from the liver and gallbladder to the small intestine, where the bile helps digest lipids from food, is a closely related cancer.

8. Brain tumors are another very deadly form of cancer

Here are the 9 most common types of cancer

Brain cancer is rarer but very deadly.

  • In 2022, 25,050 cases of brain and nervous system cancer are expected in the United States.
  • These cancers were expected to result in about 18,280 deaths.

In adults, brain tumors rarely start in the brain. Instead, they usually spread there from other malignancies.

However, because malignancies are classified by their site of origin, brain tumors caused by tumors that originated elsewhere in the body are generally excluded from brain tumor survival statistics.

For example, if a person died from cancer that started in the lungs and spread to the brain, the death would affect lung cancer survival numbers rather than brain cancer survival statistics.

However, according to the Mayo Clinic, most brain tumors in children start in the brain. Family history and exposure to radiation to the head are risk factors for brain tumors. Typically, radiation exposure occurs during the treatment of another type of cancer.

Treatment options for brain tumors can range from surgery to radiation, chemotherapy, immunotherapies, and targeted drugs, depending on the type of tumor and the extent of the malignancy at the time of diagnosis.

9. Leukemia is a very nasty variant of cancer

Here are the 9 most common types of cancer

Leukemia is also a big killer.

  • In 2022, 25,050 cases of brain and nervous system cancer are expected in the United States.
  • These cancers were expected to result in about 18,280 deaths.

Leukemias develop from stem cells in the bone marrow, which differentiate into various blood cell progenitors and eventually blood cells. It is caused by an increase in the number of white blood cells in your body. These excess white blood cells malfunction and crowd out the red blood cells and platelets your body needs.

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