Diagnosing and monitoring gynecological diseases for the prevention of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) is important to reduce the incidence of HPV and ultimately detect cervical cancer, which according to the general director of the medical course at USCS (Caetano Municipal University, São Paulo) Sergio Maccabi, although visitor numbers are falling during the pandemic, there are more than 17,000 diagnoses in Brazil annually.
However, HPV is of two types, McCabe reported in an interview with RDtv Not all cases of the disease develop into cancer, but the cause of the cervix is HPV type B – the tumor that can cause secretions and infections, but the symptoms are not characteristic of the disease, which increases the need for pelvic exams. Type A cases – non-carcinogenic, on the other hand, diagnosis is easier, since warts are born in a woman in the vulvar area and there is no risk of cancer.
“The diagnostic test is the Pap test. So if it is collected, the woman will be examined and if there is an infection it will be identified, ”he says. It is recommended that a woman see a gynecologist at least once a year. After three negative Pap smear results, a woman does not have to harvest every year. “It can be every three years, but it’s clear that during this time a woman should see a gynecologist if she has contact or symptoms of HPV,” he says.
The doctor also notes that, despite the high number of cases, many women can develop the disease, but the task of the body is to remove it from the body. If a woman has come into contact with the human papillomavirus, the infection is initially temporary. The woman contracts and the body destroys itself. Only in a small percentage, from 10% to 15% of this infection, does it become persistent and then turn into colon cancer, ”he explains.
The disease is sexually transmitted, according to the director general, and women should treat HPV like any other sexually transmitted disease that, unlike other diseases, has a cure and a cure. “Don’t get caught in a bus seat, toilet, or towel. You need to look at HPV like any other sexually transmitted infection and be careful in your relationships with partners. Use a condom. This is the most effective method. “
When treating the disease, women use antiviral drugs, as well as treatments and medications for the type A condition of warts. In Type B cases, McCabe says that tissue changes can often occur before cancer, but that surgery is done to remove the lesion and prevent the disease from progressing.
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