As various states continue to report black fungus or mucormycosis as an epidemic, an infection known as white fungus has also been found to affect some COVID-19 patients. These new cases have been reported in Patna, Bihar, and health officials have reported that this infection appears to be more dangerous than black fungus.
What is white mushroom
White fungus, also called candidiasis, is a serious fungal infection. According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), white fungus or invasive candidiasis can affect the blood, heart, brain, eyes, bones, or other parts of the body.
What causes white fungus?
It is caused when people with low immunity come in contact with items that contain these fungal mold spores. For example, oxygen-assisted COVID-19 patients may come into contact with these fungal spores if their ventilators and oxygen-assist devices are not properly disinfected.
In addition, excessive steroid use and the use of tap water in the humidifier attached to an oxygen cylinder can increase the risk of contracting white fungus.
Who can get infected with white fungus?
Invasive candidiasis is caused by a yeast (a type of fungus) called candida. Candida can live normally in the body, in areas such as the mouth, throat, intestines, and vagina, without causing any problems.
However, people with low immunity, such as those recovering from severe COVID-19 infection, are particularly at risk of developing this fungal infection. In your body, the fungus can enter your bloodstream or internal organs to cause infection.
According to the CDC, people who are at high risk of developing this infection include those who:
- I spent a lot of time in the intensive care unit.
- Have a weakened immune system (for example, people receiving chemotherapy for cancer, people who have had an organ transplant, and people with low white blood cell counts)
- Have recently had surgery, particularly multiple abdominal surgeries
- Received a lot of antibiotics or steroids in the hospital recently
- Receive complete parenteral nutrition (food through a vein)
- Have kidney failure or are on hemodialysis
- Have diabetes
- Have a central venous catheter
Is White Mushroom Contagious?
In most cases, white fungus is not contagious because it cannot spread directly from person to person.
However, there are some types of the fungus that cause this infection on the skin. In such cases of external infection, the fungus can potentially be transmitted from the patient to another person at risk.
What are the symptoms of a white fungus?
Only CT scans or X-rays can reveal and fully confirm the white fungus infection.
Health experts report that white fungus is more dangerous than black fungus because it affects the lungs as well as other parts of the body such as the nails, skin, stomach, kidney, brain, private areas and mouth.
In addition, white fungus can infect the lungs just like COVID-19. In fact, patients infected with white fungus showed symptoms similar to COVID-19 even though they tested negative for the virus.
According to reports, one of the four patients infected with white fungus had a drop in oxygen saturation levels from normal. However, the oxygen levels became normal after the antifungal drug was administered.
How can white fungus be treated?
According to health ministry officials, all patients infected with white fungus should be carefully screened, possibly with a fungal culture test of their mucus or mucus, to determine the extent of the fungal infection in their body.
After white fungus infection was detected, the patients were treated with antifungal drugs that improved their condition.
The type and dose of antifungal drugs used to treat white fungus will depend on the patient’s age, immune status, location, and severity of infection.
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