Causes symptoms, treatments for low platelet count

0

There are circumstances in which a low blood platelet count is not a serious problem. However, the disease affects blood clotting. If a person’s blood doesn’t clot after a cut, they can bleed very dangerously. This can potentially have devastating effects. Platelets, which are blood cells, are involved in clot formation. Clotting can cause blood to form clogs in damaged blood arteries, stopping blood flow. Thrombocytopenia refers to low platelet counts.

What is thrombocytopenia?

Low platelet counts are a symptom of the disease thrombocytopenia. Blood cells that support blood clots are called platelets. When blood vessels are injured, platelets gather to form clots that stop bleeding.

The signs and symptoms of thrombocytopenia can be minimal and subtle. Rarely count a person’s platelets may drop below a critical threshold, resulting in potentially fatal internal bleeding. Treatment is possible.

Causes of low blood count:

When you suffer from thrombocytopenia, there are nearly 150,000 circulating platelets in every microliter of your blood. Your body normally continually replenishes the supply of platelets by releasing new platelets that are present in the bone marrow since each platelet has a short lifespan of 10 days.

Rarely, thrombocytopenia is inherited; Instead, it can be triggered by a variety of diseases or medications. The amount of circulating platelets can decrease as a result of:

  • the spleen captures platelets
  • decreased platelet synthesis
  • increased platelet breakdown
  • or any combination of these factors.

Decreased platelets:

Platelets are generally made in the bone marrow. There are a number of key factors that decrease platelet production, such as:

  • various Cancerincluding leukemia
  • certain types of anemia
  • Viral diseases such as HIV and hepatitis C
  • chemotherapy and radiation therapy
  • get drunk

Elevated Platelets:

Some diseases use up and use up a lot of platelets faster than they are made. Some of the disorders or conditions include:

  • pregnancy
  • immune thrombocytopenia
  • bacteria in the blood
  • Hemolytic uratic syndrome
  • medication

symptoms

Signs and symptoms of thrombocytopenia may include:

  • Easy or extensive bruising (purpura)
  • A rash of pin-sized reddish-purple spots (petechiae) develops as a result of superficial bleeding into the skin, often on the lower legs.
  • Prolonged bleeding from cuts
  • bleeding gums or nose
  • blood in the urine or stool
  • Exceptionally heavy menstrual flow
  • fatigue
  • Enlarged spleen

diagnosis

To diagnose a low platelet count, a doctor may first ask questions and do a physical exam. Inquiries may relate to symptoms, family history, and medications. The exam will look for bruises and rashes.

A platelet count in the laboratory secures the diagnosis by revealing the exact platelet concentration in the blood. The doctor will almost certainly carry out further blood tests at the same time.

These may include:

  • a full blood count (CBC)
  • a blood smear test in which platelets are examined under a microscope
  • additional blood tests for coagulation
  • bone marrow tests

A complete blood count is a standard test that doctors do (CBC). The word “CBC” refers to a group of tests that look at different types of cells in your blood. The MPV blood test for mean platelet volume is one of the assays performed during a CBC.

Traditional platelet size is determined by an MPV blood test. It’s quite similar to a platelet count test, which determines the number of platelets in your blood. It doesn’t matter if you have a high or low MPV.

It must be read in conjunction with various CBC reports. In certain circumstances, a doctor will read the results of your MPV blood test to determine if you have any other tests that need to be performed.

treatment

Platelet counts that are somewhat low but do not cause symptoms may not require therapy.

If the platelet count is low enough to cause physical symptoms, a doctor will take care of the problem right away. There are several likely explanations. Medications may be changed or an underlying condition treated. Immunosuppressive drugs such as prednisone, a corticosteroid, can be used to treat ITP.

In extreme cases

According to one credible source, a blood transfusion may be required. If the platelet count doesn’t improve after a year, a surgeon can remove the spleen in a procedure called a splenectomy. Platelet transfusions are available for people who have a particularly severe or emergency low platelet count.

Conclusion

When a person has a low platelet count, their blood cannot clot properly. This can lead to symptoms such as blood loss and bruising. A low platelet count can be caused by a variety of factors, including medical disorders and exposure to certain medications.

Some medications, toxic chemicals, alcohol, and quinine can decrease a person’s platelet count.

Mildly low platelet counts with no symptoms may not require treatment. However, if symptoms are present, treatment may be needed.

Share.

Comments are closed.